CHAPTER 1 MENDELSSOHN FAMILY
CHAPTER 2 MENDELSSOHN FAMILY CONTINUED
CHAPTER 3 EMANUEL FAMILY
CHAPTER 5 DE SAXE FAMILY
CHAPTER 6 - THE STORY OF MORRIS (DE SAXE)
ACTIVIST KICKS BACKS
Mannie and Ken's Home Pages
Many people have contributed to the information on this page, helping to build up this Kuper family history, and I will try and list them all. If I have left any person or people out, it is inadvertent and I hope they will advise me accordingly. Thank you:
This is the PowerPoint Presentation of the Kuper Genealogy built by Cecily, Elaine and Ruth, so to view it you will need to have Microsoft Office PowerPoint Viewer programme in your computer:
The Kuper family tree is a bit more complicated than some of the others because we are missing so many dates that it is difficult to determine accurately some of the details.
The following was drawn up by three of my Kuper cousins, finalized by them on13 February 2004, and starts with their introduction:
"We, Cecily Freed, Elaine Katz and Ruth Kuper, have attempted to reconstruct the Cooper/Kooper/Kuper family tree.
Here it is. While there are errors and omissions it is nevertheless reasonably comprehensive. With a compass to guide you, you should be able to navigate it with comparative ease.
We believe the progenitor of us all to have been called Israel. We say so because, while none of the seven brothers had that name, it appears immediately throughout the next generation –Israel Cooper, son of Moshe; Israel Kuper, son of Chaim; Israel Cooper, son of Abraham; Israel Aaron Cooper, son of Jacob; Israel Cooper, son of Myer; Israel Cooper, son of Leibe. Simcha had only daughters and we are not sure of the children of Chana Rochel.
As to dating. The clue comes from the interview between Israel Kuper and Dora Sowden in 1953. Israel Kuper, son of Chaim, was born on 13 June 1883. He had a brother, Morris, eight years his senior, born in 1875 (Morris died in 1931, aged 56). If Morris was born when his father was, say, 25, that puts Chaim’s birth at 1850. Chaim was not the eldest son of Israel, Moshe (Joshua) was. Assume Moshe to have been born two years earlier than Chaim (and we do not know if Chaim was the second son) and Israel was some 25 years old at the birth of Moshe, Israel would have been born +/- 1823. We have assumed a date between 1820 and 1825. This date is perhaps confirmed by the fact that Israel probably died between 1875 and 1883. Had he died before 1875, Morris might well have been named Israel. If he died in about 1880, he would, on our guesswork, have been about sixty when he died. Again, not impossible.
There is a complicating factor, however. “Little” Leo, second son of Moshe, grandson of Chaim, told Adam Kuper that Chaim had come to South Africa in the 1860s, returned to Lithuania and finally emigrated in the 1880s (+/- 1885). If he had been born in 1850, he would have first come to South Africa at perhaps age 18-20. Also, it may be that Chaim was older than 25 when Morris was born.
We also have an addendum to the interview between Israel Kuper and Dora Sowden. Chaim’s connection with the Boer War was other than simply being engaged in cattle dealing. A carved walking stick in the possession of the family reads: (of Chaim) “Arrested at Aberdeen 22-8-1901; Sent to Graaff-Reinet Prison 23-8-1901; Out on bail 14-9. Sent to Port Alfred 1 October.”
The British believed he was spying for the Boers, but he always denied it and no one knew where the truth lay. Adam says the people sent to Port Alfred were the “ongewensdes”: undesirable but not sufficiently dangerous to be sent out of the country.
So here it is. We hope you will find it of interest.
All the best to all of you."Cecily Freed
Here are the 8 children of Israel Kuper in the order in which they are presumed to have been born:*Moshe (Joshua)
This is a photo of one of my Kuper great-grandfathers, Chaim Kuper, my grandfather Morris (Moshe) Kuper's father. The photo was probably taken between 1890 and 1910 - I do not know when Chaim Kuper died.
My great-grandmother, wife of Chaim Kuper, and photo probably the same time as the one of Chaim above.
Probably one of the brothers of Chaim Kuper, and possibly living in Oudtshoorn where this photo was taken.
Is this a photo of my other Kuper great-grandfather Simcha, Pessa's father, and the father of Tziporah and Luba, daughters from each of his three wives?
I do not know who most of the people in the above photos are, but believe them to be most of the brothers of Chaim, one of my great-grandfathers, and the woman in the bottom photo may well be their only sister (Chana Rochel - Litvin?). However, the photo was taken in Jerusalem and must be between 1880 and 1900 at a guess! If anybody recognises these people I hope they will contact me so that I can put names to faces! Here's hoping!
My grandmother Pessa, her sister Tziporah in the back row, Luba and her mother in the front row, and the photo probably taken in Radvilishik in Lithuania, before any of them went to South Africa - in the late 1880s? leaving Luba and her mother in Lithuania.
The above three photos of Tziporah were taken in Lithuania in the 1880s?
Luba aged about 10 in Lithuania
Luba as a young woman with friends or relatives in Lithuania?
Four photos of Luba as a young woman in Lithuania - 1890s or early 1900s?
The left hand photo is Pessa, Luba and Luba's mother, possibly after the first World War - did Pessa go to post-revolutionary Russia to try and get Luba and her mother to come to South Africa?
Tziporah and Pessa in Johannesburg - 1890s?
Left-hand photo my grandfather Moshe (Morris), right-hand photo Pessa and Moshe around the time of their engagement - mid-1890s?
Mr Dorman, first name unknown with Tziporah, his wife and my grandmother's older half-sister, 1890s or early 1900s?
Pessa and Moshe on their wedding day in Johannesburg, mid-1890s?
Pessa top photo, Moshe middle photo, Pessa bottom photo - all three in mid to late 1890s?
Tziporah on the left, unknown in the middle, Pessa on the right, mid to late 1890s?
Frume Miriam - wife of Abraham Cooper? left, Jo Freed (Cooper) - her daughter, centre, Pessa Kuper, right, circa late 1890s?
Both above photos are my mother, Annie Rachel Kuper - 1898-1899 as a baby.
Pessa holding Annie - probably 1899 about the time they left the Transvaal and went to the Cape because of the Anglo-Boer War, which started in 1899.
The top photo may be Cozilla (Israel) Cooper, solicitor, as a young man, and the lower photo has on the right, back row Israel Kuper and his brother Moshe - my grandfather, and below them Pessa and Annie and Mary. The others in the photo on the left and middle are unknown to me and I hope someone recognises them to let me fill in the gaps in my knowledge.
My grandmother Pessa's older half-sister Tzipora and her husband, (first name unknown) Dorman, photo taken in Pretoria, where they lived.
Chaim Kuper (?) third from left in front row? possibly between 1902 and 1910
My greatgrandparents Chaim and Sheina Musa Kuper, their two sons, Moshe and Israel, wives Pessa and Tzila, three of Israel and Tzila's sons, Leo, Mike and Sessel (Alex and Charles were not yet born) and Moshe and Pessa's four children, Annie, Mary, Simy and Leo possibly between 1914 and 1918
This photo was in my mother Annie's posessions - I don't know who they are and don't recognise any of them - possibly Annie is on the left in the middle row?
Annie in the left-hand photo and Annie and Jo Freed (Cooper) in the right-hand photo between 1916 and 1918
The left-hand photo shows my grandfather Moshe (Pappa to us), with Leo and Simy possibly around 1912, and the right-hand photo shows Leo with someone unknown, and, according to the name of the studio on the back of the photo, taken in Berlin around the late 1920s or early 1930s.
My mother Annie Kuper possibly around 1918 with an unidentified relative in the right-hand photo.
My own immediate family
Back row: Simy, Mary, Annie, Morris
Front row: Leo, Mama, Papa holding Molly on his lap - about 1924 or 1925
Born in Johannesburg on 14 December 1926
Died in Jerusalem on 18 February 2009 aged 82
Left-hand photo possibly Charles aged 2 or 3, and right-hand photo, possibly taken by my father Morris De Saxe, of Molly with Alex and Charles Kuper and one of their Gordon cousins, around 1927.
I believe this photo was taken in Muizenberg in about December 1945. A friend, Alwyn Zoutenberg is on the left, Charles Kuper in the middle, and me, Mannie De Saxe on the right. We would have been 19 years old at the time.
When we were still at primary school, something was triggered off that led to Charles actually picking a fight with me when I arrived at school one morning.
Charles and I were bullied, for the same and different reasons. Charles excelled at school, but we neither of us played sport so we were picked on and bullied. Charles wanted to show that he could win a fight and picked one with me. I retired with a bloody nose and he won the fight. It took us some time to get over what had happened, but eventually we became good friends again.
Another strange episode occurred when we were both at Hebrew school at the same time and in the same class. We were post-barmitvah and in our early teens. I don't remember what caused the actual incident but the Hebrew teacher had been annoyed by a pupil in the class and took his cane to cane the boy. In an unusual stance, Charles went to the front of the class, snatched the cane and broke it in half.! The Hebrew teacher was as astonished as were the rest of us, and I don't think he tried to cane anyone again after that, although I think he did get another cane!
However, his early years had some interesting and contrasting anomalies. Charles was certainly modelling himself in some ways on his older brother Alex, who was still at home during Charles' childhood years. Alex was a practical joker, and Charles caught on very quickly. He also had a very wierd sense of humour.
Many of the practical jokes he enjoyed perpetrating had been learnt from Alex, and one of the favourites was plastic dog poo, which looked like the real thing. One day Charles arrived at our house, everybody was out except my very elderly and frail grandmother, who lived with us for the last five years of her life. She was actually Charles' aunt, but the fact that she was frail didn't seem to enter Charles' understanding. He placed the artificial dog poo on the front door mat, and when he rang the bell and my grandmother found it there she was horrified and of course Charles burst out laughing!
When we got to high school, Charles' father, my great-uncle Israel thought that Charles' intellectual capacity was of genius level, and when Charles achieved outstanding results at the end of our second year in high school, his father was successful in getting the school to promote him, not to the next level but to the one after, so that Charles matriculated a year ahead of the rest of his contemporaries.
In his late teens Charles became an atheist and educated me accordingly.
Charles always believed in me and supported and helped me intellectually. Because I was surrounded by so many intellectuals at school and university I always felt intimidated, and Charles used to assure me that my abilities were no less than those around me.
Charles left to study Physics at Cambridge University around 1945, and as far as I can remember, he didn't ever return to live in South Africa. He got married in England and then went to live in Israel, where he spent the rest of his life.
The top left and bottom two photos were taken outside a stamp shop in Sydney I regularly visited. Charles visited Sydney in August 1995 and these photos show my partner Ken Lovett, Charles and me. The top right photo is of Charles outside the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney Harbour. Charles and I were nearly 69 years old at the time.
We didn't see Charles again, but had regular contact by phone and email.
Charles had a long and distinguished career as a physicist at the Haifa Technion, and, despite being long retired, he retained his study at the Technion, having weekly trips from Jerusalem to Haifa and spending a night there before returning to his new home in Jerusalem. He had moved there about two years ago after his serious, life-threatening illness, and lived next door to his daughter Tsipi who, together with her husband and three sons, survives Charles, as does his son Gabi, who lives in Italy.
Charles was one of my oldest friends and was one of those people with whom I remained friends for my whole life. He will be sadly missed. My partner Ken and I send our condolences to Charles' family. We will plant a tree in his memory at our next tree planting in our SPAIDS Memorial Groves in July 2009, when we have our next day of planting.
I have tried to work out who is connected to whom in this photo and have established almost all - and their respective siblings in the photo, but I am open to correction! possibly about 1930?
Back row: Moses Cooper (doctor in Vryheid?) brother of Aarie next to him and Esther (Silove) on the extreme right (and Fanny (Noach) third from right in front row), then Jerry Cooper (none of his siblings in the photo), Jo (Freed), sister of Cozilla (Israel) Cooper on the right, and then, Israel Cooper (pharmacist in Lichtenberg?) just before Esther (Silove) (and Jo and Cozilla are siblings of Moses Cooper in the front row, second from the left
Front row: My grandfather Moshe Kuper, husband and first cousin of Pessa (Kuper) who is second from the right, then Moses Cooper (optometrist? and brother of Jo Freed and Cozilla Cooper), then a brother of my greatgrandfather, but I don't know which one, Fanny Noach (sister of Esther), then my grandmother, Pessa Kuper, then my great-grandfather Chaim Kuper, father of my grandfather Moshe and uncle and father-in-law of my grandmother Pessa.
This family group was taken in Muizenberg in 1930 - Cozilla (Israel Cooper), his wife Minnie and three children, Cherry, Abe and Peggy
Pessa Kuper - probably taken around mid-1920s
My grandparents Moshe and Pessa Kuper in the garden of their house at 51 Soper Road, Berea, Johannesburg, possibly taken by my father Morris De Saxe around 1925. Moshe Kuper is the elder son of Chaim Kuper.
Muizenberg 1930 - a few months after my father Morris De Saxe had died. We were taken on holiday by my grandmother Pessa to help us all recover from illnesses and Morris's death
These two photos show Minnie Morris (Rudaitzky), Fanny Noach (Kuper), Esther Silove (Kuper) and Pessa Kuper (Kuper), possibly around the early 1930s.
Pessa in the garden at 51 Soper Road around 1931
I do not know any of these people and maybe someone will let me know who they are - was this taken in Palestine in 1936 when Pessa and Mary were visiting there?
Moses (Big eyes) Cooper in Egypt during World War II, 1941
Pessa on holiday in Muizenberg during the early 1940s
This photo was taken at 88 Honey Street, Berea, Johannesburg where my grandmother Pessa lived with us for the last 5 years of her life. Taken about 2 years before she died, around 1951, Pessa is shown holding her first great-grandchild, Patricia Rosemary Sidley, born 7 October 1950, and behind them my mother Annie and sister Molly. This is probably one of the very few photos showing four generations of later members of our family.
Pessa at 88 Honey Street Berea, Johannesburg, in 1952. She died in January 1953.
The South African Jewish Times published the following obituary of my grandmother Pessa Kuper on 30 January 1953:
Representatives of all leading Jewish communal organisations in Johannesburg were present at the Braamfontein Cemetery on Thursday of last week, when the late Mrs. Pessa Gitte Kuper, mother of Mr. S.M.Kuper, Q.C., Chairman of the S.A.Zionist Federation, was laid to her final rest beside her husband, the late Mr. Moshe Kuper, one of the founders of the Beth Hamedrash Hagodel and one of the pioneer builders of orthodox Jewry in Johannesburg.
The late Mrs. Kuper, who died at the ripe old age of 80 (sic), came to this country from Shavel in 1893, to join her father, who had settled in Johannesburg two years previously. She married her cousin, the late Moshe Kuper, in 1896.
From the arrival of the first Kuper on the Rand, the family worked tirelessly in the cause ofOrthodox Jewry, and from then right up to the present day, members of the family have been among the builders and leaders of Jewish religious life in Johannesburg. The late Moshe Kuper was a leading personality in the old Fox Street Beth Hamedrash and, as has already been mentioned, was one of the founders of the Beth Hamedrash Hagodel, though he died before the synagogue was completed.
The late Mrs. Pessa Kuper was an "Eshet Chayil" in the true sense of the word, devoutly orthodox, a woman who always kept open house and devoted herself to charity and good deeds.
She had four children, Mr. S.M.("Simie") Kuper, Q.C., Chairman of the S.A.Zionist Federation; Prof.Leo Kuper, of the Natal University; Mrs. Annie Spitz, and the late Miss Mary Kuper.
The funeral was conducted by Cantor A. Reich, and Rabbi Dr. M Kossowsky delivered the Hesped.
The following item appeared in the Zionist Record on 6 February 1953 following the death of my grandmother Pessa Kuper on 17 January 1953:
Members of this large family who never knew one another all came to see Pessa, no matter how fleeting their visit. She was the pivot of the family, and she embraced them all in her affections, listened to their troubles, made excuses for Kuper shortcomings, which, when we chided her for her family loyalties, she excused by saying: "Well, you see I'm a double Kuper - I was a born Kuper and I married a Kuper, so I can't help it." No one left her without a warm glow of affection, a sense of protectiveness, and, above all, a sense of humility at her wisdom and tact.
I, for one, could sit for hours and listen to her reminiscences of the early days of arrival in Johannesburg to live with her uncle and aunt, with whose son, Meisha, she had "an understanding"; of the reaction of her Orthodox, old-fashioned aunt to her revolutionary decision to go to school at the age of 20 or so, alongside youngsters of ten, in order to learn English; of her first job as a saleswoman at Store Brothers and her battle to rescue her books from the kitchen stove, because her aunt, and later her mother-in-law, had decided that she had had enough of education, and, anyhow, women didn't need to read books.
Ferriera's town, house by business, and business by back-room, came alive as she talked of the people, of the shops, the "characters" who dropped in for a card game or a discussion. She related with little, sly, humorous comments the arguments everybody heard from the neighbours' cheek-by-jowl houses; and of the whole buzz of the Orthodox Jews there amid the red dust and beginnings of Johannesburg she knew and told endless stories.
After Ferriera's town came a house in Moseley Street and finally a large, rambling house in Soper Road, where, in the fullest sense, she and her husband kept open house. Holy days and Festivals were celebrated by numbers seldom less than 20 - family, friends, in fact to me it seems half the Jews of Johannesburg spent either Pesach or Rosh Hashonna at 51 Soper Road.
No member of the Kuper family visiting Johannesburg from the country ever spent a night in a hotel. It was established and unqueried procedure to come straight to the expandable house in Berea. Honeymoons were spent there, Kuper youngsters on their first visit to the city naturally went there; aunts, cousins, uncles, everyone came, while her own children slept on balconies and in back rooms to make way for the ever-present guests. "It was a hard life," she added, "but it was a good life. We laughed a lot, it was always lively, we had no riches, but there was always enough for anyone who came."
And even now at 78 she loved people. She resented her confinement due to ill-health and her greatest daring was to escape on a forbidden visit to town when left alone. But the last few months were mostly spent in bed, where she lay, a frail wisp amidst her pillows and her books and in answer to your question of how she was, she smiled and said: "As long as I'm here and I can laugh, it's still good. But tell me how are you?"
A visit to "Auntie Pessa" was something we did for amusement. It was no family "have to." She was the unofficial head, not by domination or interference, but through affection and humility.
MOLLY COOPER.(Molly was married to Leslie Cooper, whose father Israel was a first cousin to Pessa and Moishe)
This photo was taken by Bijou Studios in Johannesburg and shows Pessa, Annie, Moshe and Mary, who would have been about 3 at the time
This photo of Mary with my sister Molly was probably taken around 1926.
Back row from left - Harry Glaser (husband of Zlate Litvin?), my uncle Simy Kuper holding Sophie Prisman, Mannie Bloch, solcitor, leaning on my mother Annie, my grandfather Moshe Kuper.
Middle row from left - Fanny Noach (Cooper), my great-grandfather Chaim Kuper, me (Mannie De Saxe), my sister Molly, my grandmother Pessa.
Bottom row from left - Moses (little Moses) Cooper, Janie Berman (Prisman), Dolly Cooper (Eisenhammer), my aunt Mary with our dog Bossie.
My uncle wrote a long letter to me in 1990, with a great deal of family history about which I was not aware. I think he needed to get things off his chest after having carried the traumas around with him for much of his life.
This is an extract from the letter: "We had always though that Mary and Mo would marry. But things changed after Maurice’s(sic) death and I remember one terrible scene when my mother and I were in the backyard with Mary and Anne, and Mary reproached Anne for taking Mo from her." (Mo was to become my stepfather in 1931)
In 1936 Mary went on holiday to Palestine with her mother Pessa.
The three people on the right-hand side of the photo are Joseph Levitan, my aunt Mary, and Joseph's wife Chaia. I do not know who the three on the left-hand side are.
The holiday was somewhere between 3 and 6 months, and when they returned, Mary was married to Ziggy Bornstein who lived in Palestine. It was an unfortunate marriage and didn't last long - but long enough for Ziggy to have left Mary financially bankrupt and having her have to start making a living at various ventures until she went to work at the Johannesburg Legal Aid Bureau in the early 1940s
Mary used both spellings of the name Kuper/Cooper, by which many members of our family in South Africa were known, but I don't know why she would have done so. I believe the other members of my immediate family always used the spelling Kuper.
It is possible that she used Cooper for professional purposes in the legal fraternity, although, in the article below, on the Johannesburg Legal Aid Bureau, she was using the Kuper spelling.
Her law degree was awarded to her under the name Mary Cooper from the University of the Witwatersrand in 1931 after she had earlier obtained a science degree.
A street photographer took this in the city of Johannesburg. Mary is with her good friend Polly Alexander, who was also a cousin of my stepfather, Mo Spitz.
I took this photo at the Wilds in Johannesburg
This is probably the last photo of Mary, taken on the beach in Durban in September 1948. My mother had it enlarged later as a photo to remember her by.
This is another extract from my uncle's letter to me about the family: "And then Mary’s absurd, tragic, arranged marriage, and later Hilda and I were in North Carolina, living in a lovely wooden oneroomed house – Jenny had arrived – the setting was idyllic, a garden of Eden, with snakes too in the fountain where we used to put Jenny’s pram. And one night I could not sleep. I felt something unnatural was happening. And a day or two later there was a cable from Simie – Mary was dying of leukaemia, there was no point in our returning – we would be too late. But we came back anyhow. Mary was still alive. I had a research report to do, and I set up my table outside Mary’s room. And then one day she went into what seemed a final death rattle, and I stayed by her, stroking her arm. But she pulled through that. But then a little later, she went into a final death rattle. I stayed by her, stroking her arm – then the nurse said – speak to her – and I did – and I could see that my words penetrated the darkness. And then suddenly there was an illumination. Her eyes opened – she was radiant. She said Leo – Anne came rushing in – she tried to say Anne, and that was the end."
Mary died on 11 December 1948 and this obituary was published in the Zionist Record in Johannesburg on Friday 17 December 1948:
CHAPTER 1 MENDELSSOHN FAMILY
CHAPTER 2 MENDELSSOHN FAMILY CONTINUED
CHAPTER 3 EMANUEL FAMILY
CHAPTER 5 DE SAXE FAMILY
CHAPTER 6 - THE STORY OF MORRIS (DE SAXE)
ACTIVIST KICKS BACKS
Mannie and Ken's Home Pages